E-ISSN 2617-9784 | ISSN 2617-1791
 

Review Article 


The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review

Dr Immad Shahnawaz Qureshi, Urooj Fatima, Areena Akram.

Abstract
OBJECTIVE
It is known that magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) administered intravenously as an adjunct treatment is effective in treating asthma exacerbations. However, there is limited data available on the use and benefit of nebulized magnesium sulfate.

METHODS
We conducted a scoping review on four databases i.e., Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane to determine the benefit of using
nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in addition to salbutamol and/or ipratropium in the treatment of patients with severe acute asthma.

RESULTS
A total of 16 articles were included in the study. Based on the literature review, combined nebulized MgSO4 and salbutamol therapy was found to be superior to salbutamol alone in adult patients. There was also a significant reduction in hospital admissions in adult patients with severe asthma exacerbations if they receive nebulized MgSO4. Although some small studies have shown benefit in using it in children and pregnant patients, further studies are needed to address the role of nebulised MgSO4 in such populations.

CONCLUSION
Within the study limitations, magnesium sulfate was found to be beneficial when used in nebulized form in acute asthma exacerbation. Further studies are warranted to establish its role in practice guidelines.

Key words: Asthma, Magnesium sulfate, Asthma exacerbations, Pulmonary function, β2-agonists adjunctt


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

DISQ, UF, Akram A. The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review.


Web Style

DISQ, UF, Akram A. The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review. http://www.sajem.org/?mno=103983 [Access: October 20, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

DISQ, UF, Akram A. The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

DISQ, UF, Akram A. The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review.



Harvard Style

, D. I. S. Q., , . U. F. & Akram, . A. (0) The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review.



Turabian Style

, Dr Immad Shahnawaz Qureshi, Urooj Fatima, and Areena Akram. 0. The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review.



Chicago Style

, Dr Immad Shahnawaz Qureshi, Urooj Fatima, and Areena Akram. "The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Dr Immad Shahnawaz Qureshi, Urooj Fatima, and Areena Akram. "The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, D. I. S. Q., , . U. F. & Akram, . A. (0) The benefit of nebulized magnesium sulphate therapy in patients with acute severe asthma: a scoping review.