E-ISSN 2617-9784 | ISSN 2617-1791
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan

Ujala Kausar, Muhammad Ishtiaq, Muhammad bin Nasser.

Abstract
OBJECTIVE

The purpose of the study is to review the clinical characteristics of patients suspected of swine flu and their disposition in the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital.

METHODOLOGY
Retrospective chart review of the patients suspected of swine flu presenting to the emergency department of Shifa International Hospital from January 2018 to February 2019 was done. The data was taken from infection control department and files of the patient were reviewed from medical record department. Frequency and percentages were calculated using SPSS version 23. Ethical approval was taken.

RESULTS
59 patients were enrolled in the study out of which 29 (49%) were positive for either H1N1, flu A or Flu B most of which were adults. The common presenting features were cough (96%), dyspnoea (75%), tachypnoea (76%) and fever (48%). Influenza A had the highest incidence (65%) among all cases. Eight patients (27.6%) were discharged from the emergency department whereas twenty-one (72.4%) patients were offered admission with five patients being admitted in the critical unit.

CONCLUSION
Cases of swine flu are reported every year across the country. Mortality rates are higher among the patients with a diagnosis delay. Further studies need to be done among different hospitals to get more precise data about the prevalence and early identification of swine flu.

Key words: Swine Flu, H1N1, Flu A, Flu B, Pakistan


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kausar U, Ishtiaq M, Nasser Mb. Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan. SAJEM. 2019; 2(2): 24-28. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203


Web Style

Kausar U, Ishtiaq M, Nasser Mb. Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan. http://www.sajem.org/?mno=65146 [Access: December 06, 2019]. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kausar U, Ishtiaq M, Nasser Mb. Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan. SAJEM. 2019; 2(2): 24-28. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kausar U, Ishtiaq M, Nasser Mb. Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan. SAJEM. (2019), [cited December 06, 2019]; 2(2): 24-28. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203



Harvard Style

Kausar, U., Ishtiaq, . M. & Nasser, . M. b. (2019) Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan. SAJEM, 2 (2), 24-28. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203



Turabian Style

Kausar, Ujala, Muhammad Ishtiaq, and Muhammad bin Nasser. 2019. Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan. South Asian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2 (2), 24-28. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203



Chicago Style

Kausar, Ujala, Muhammad Ishtiaq, and Muhammad bin Nasser. "Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan." South Asian Journal of Emergency Medicine 2 (2019), 24-28. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kausar, Ujala, Muhammad Ishtiaq, and Muhammad bin Nasser. "Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan." South Asian Journal of Emergency Medicine 2.2 (2019), 24-28. Print. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kausar, U., Ishtiaq, . M. & Nasser, . M. b. (2019) Mode of presentation and disposition of suspected swine flu (H1N1) patients in the Emergency Department, Pakistan. South Asian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2 (2), 24-28. doi:10.5455/sajem.020203